PMPA (NAALADase inhibitor)
In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
PMPA is a selective inhibitor of NAALADase with Ki value of 275 pM .
NAALADase also known as GCPII is a zinc metalloenzyme that resides in membranes and involves in the catalyzing process of neuropeptide NAAG to NAA and glutamate. It has been shown that NAALADase has the highest expression in nervous/ prostatic tissues and cancers and NAALADase inhibition produces a variety of effects on providing neuroprotection, detection, imaging and treatment of prostate cancer  .
PMPA is a potent NAALADase inhibitor and has a more activity than reported NAALADase inhibitor ZJ43. In male C57/Bl mice model, high doses of PMPA inhibited the morphine tolerance development (resembling the effect of 7.5 mg/kg of the NMDA receptor antagonist, memantine) while had no effect on severity of withdrawal; 100 mg/kg PMPA also significantly potentiated morphine withdrawal, but inhibited both acquisition and expression of morphine-induced conditioned place preference which suggested NAALADase involves in phenomena related to opioid addiction . PMPA treatment increased the mice latency to enter the dark box during the training day and at the dose of 150 mg/kg PMPA treatment impaired spontaneous alternation and reduced locomotion in Y-maze task which demonstrated that PMPA affected mice learning and memory tasks through NAALADase inhibition .
. Tiffany, C.W., et al., Binding of the glutamate carboxypeptidase II (NAALADase) inhibitor 2-PMPA to rat brain membranes. Eur J Pharmacol, 2001. 427(2): p. 91-6.
. Barinka, C., et al., Glutamate carboxypeptidase II in diagnosis and treatment of neurologic disorders and prostate cancer. Curr Med Chem, 2012. 19(6): p. 856-70.
. Slusher, B.S., et al., Selective inhibition of NAALADase, which converts NAAG to glutamate, reduces ischemic brain injury. Nat Med, 1999. 5(12): p. 1396-402.
. Popik, P., et al., Morphine tolerance and reward but not expression of morphine dependence are inhibited by the selective glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCP II, NAALADase) inhibitor, 2-PMPA. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2003. 28(3): p. 457-67.
. Lukawski, K., R.M. Kaminski, and S.J. Czuczwar, Effects of selective inhibition of N-acetylated-alpha-linked-acidic dipeptidase (NAALADase) on mice in learning and memory tasks. Eur J Pharmacol, 2008. 579(1-3): p. 202-7.
|Physical Appearance||White solid|
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
|Solubility||Soluble to 100 mM in sterile water|
|Chemical Name||2-(phosphonomethyl)pentanedioic acid|