In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Adaptaquin is a selective hydroxyquinoline HIF prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PHD) inhibitor .
The hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase domain enzymes (HIF-PHDs) are a family of oxygen sensors that has been implicated in neuronal survival. Catalysis by the HIF-PHDs destabilizes the transcriptional activator HIF-1a under normoxia. HIF-PHDs are promising target candidates for mitochondrial protection in paradigms of oxidative stress. The inhibition of HIF-PHDs prevented neuronal cell death induced by mitochondrial toxins .
Adaptaquin is a hydroxyquinoline HIF-PHD inhibitor. Adaptaquin inhibited purified and recombinant PHD2. Adaptaquin (30 mg/kg) penetrated the blood-brain barrier, resulting in inhibition of the oxygen-sensing HIF-PHDs and activation of HIF-dependent gene expression . In HT-22 cells, Adaptaquin protected against glutamate-induced cell death. Adaptaquin could also restore the mitochondrial ATP production .
In intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) mice model, Adaptaquin decreased edema and significantly improved tape removal task, which were associated with a reduction in the number of degenerating neurons in perihematomal and hematomal areas of the mouse striatum .
. Karuppagounder SS, Alim I, Khim SJ, et al. Therapeutic targeting of oxygen-sensing prolyl hydroxylases abrogates ATF4-dependent neuronal death and improves outcomes after brain hemorrhage in several rodent models. Sci Transl Med. 2016 Mar 2;8(328):328ra29.
. Neitemeier S, Dolga AM, Honrath B, et al. Inhibition of HIF-prolyl-4-hydroxylases prevents mitochondrial impairment and cell death in a model of neuronal oxytosis. Cell Death Dis. 2016 May 5;7:e2214.
|Physical Appearance||A crystalline solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Synonyms||HIF prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor|
|Solubility||≤30mg/ml in DMSO;30mg/ml in dimethyl formamide|