In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
2,4-DPD is a cell permeable, competitive inhibitor of the oxygen-sensing enzyme HIF-α prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PH) .
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a transcription factor with a key role in cellular responses to hypoxia in a variety of organisms. The HIF system plays an important role in angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, energy utilization, glucose/energy metabolism, tumour development, and ischaemic/hypoxic disease. Genetic or pharmacological inactivation of the HIF hydroxylases results in a constitutive activation of the HIF pathway with little or even absent regulation by oxygen remaining. The oxygen-sensing enzyme HIF-α prolyl hydroxylase catalyzes hydroxylation of specific prolyl and asparaginyl residues in the regulatory HIF-α subunits .
Exposure to 2,4-DPD limited prolyl 4-hydroxylase activity in C. elegans., where their esters are hydrolyzed to form competitors of a -ketoglutarate. 2,4-DPD showed dramatic effects among the progeny. When exposed to a high level of 2,4-DPD (2.7 mM), all progeny died regardless of genotype of C. elegans. The dead embryos arrested at the twofold stage .
 Friedman L, Higgin J J, Moulder G, et al. Prolyl 4-hydroxylase is required for viability and morphogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2000, 97(9): 4736-4741.
 Schofield C J, Ratcliffe P J. Signalling hypoxia by HIF hydroxylases[J]. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 2005, 338(1): 617-626.
|Physical Appearance||A solution in ethanol|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≤50mg/ml in ethanol;20mg/ml in DMSO;30mg/ml in dimethyl formamide|
|Chemical Name||2,4-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, diethyl ester|