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Idarubicin HCl

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Catalog No.
A2476
蒽环霉素和柔红霉素类似物,拓扑异构酶抑制剂
组合的产品项目
规格价格库存 数量
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
¥ 800.00
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5mg
¥ 500.00
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25mg
¥ 1,800.00
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100mg
¥ 5,400.00
现货

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Background

Idarubicin is an inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II [1].

Idarubicin is a synthetic anthracycline anticancer drug widely used in the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia and some other hematological malignancies. It can be bioactivated by NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase with resulting formation of single-strand breaks in DNA. This is the mechanism of Idarubicin ‘s antitumor effect [2].

Idarubicin is developed in an attempt to reduce the cardiotoxicity and enhance the therapeutic efficacy of the parent compound. Unlike the parent compound, Idarubicin can be given orally and has a better therapeutic index with respect to cardiotoxicity. Idarubicin has been shown to be an effective anti-leukemic agent in children and adults [3].

References:
[1] H. Dorota Halicka, M. Fevzi Ozkaynak, Oya Levendoglu-Tugal, Claudio Sandoval , Karen Seiter, Malgorzata Kajstura, Frank Traganos, Somasunadaram Jayabose, and Zbigniew Darzynkiewicz. DNA damage response as a biomarker in treatment of leukemias. Cell Cycle. 2009, 8(11): 1720–1724.
[2] Haydar Çelik and Emel Arinç. Evaluation of the Protective Effects of Quercetin, Rutin, Resveratrol, Naringenin and Trolox Against Idarubicin-Induced DNA Damage. J Pharm Pharmaceut Sci. 2010, 13(2): 231 – 241.
[3] Ching-Hon Pui, Siebold S. N. de Graaf, Lois W. Dow, John H. Rodman, William E. Evans, Bruce S. Alpert and Sharon B. Murphy. Phase I Clinical Trial of Orally Administered 4-Demethoxydaunorubicin (Idarubicin) with Pharmacokinetic and in Vitro Drug Sensitivity Testing in Children with Refractory Leukemia. Cancer Research. 1988, 48: 5348-5352.

Chemical Properties

StorageStore at -20°C
M.Wt533.95
Cas No.57852-57-0
FormulaC26H27NO9.HCl
Solubility≥26.7mg/mL in DMSO
Chemical Name9-acetyl-7-(4-amino-5-hydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl)oxy-6,9,11-trihydroxy-8,10-dihydro-7H-tetracene-5,12-dione;hydrochloride
SDFDownload SDF
Canonical SMILESCC1C(C(CC(O1)OC2CC(CC3=C(C4=C(C(=C23)O)C(=O)C5=CC=CC=C5C4=O)O)(C(=O)C)O)N)O.Cl
运输条件试用装:蓝冰运输。 其他可选规格:常温运输或根据您的要求用蓝冰运输。
一般建议为了使其更好的溶解,请用37℃加热试管并在超声波水浴中震动片刻。不同厂家不同批次产品溶解度各有差异,仅做参考。若实验所需浓度过大至产品溶解极限,请添加助溶剂助溶或自行调整浓度。

试验操作

细胞实验 [1]:

细胞系

NALM-6细胞

制备方法

在DMSO中的溶解度大于10 mM。若配制更高浓度的溶液,一般步骤如下:请将试管置于37℃加热10分钟和/或将其置于超声波浴中震荡一段时间。原液于-20℃可放置数月。

反应条件

0.1 nM ~ 10 μM;24小时

实验结果

在NALM-6细胞中,Idarubicin抑制细胞增殖,其IC50值为12 nM。

动物实验 [2]:

动物模型

大鼠、兔、小鼠和狗

给药剂量

2 mg/kg,0 mg/kg ~ 75 mg/kg,3 mg/kg和0 mg/kg ~ 75 mg/kg;静脉注射

实验结果

还原取决于酮还原酶,具有比大多数酮更高的立体选择性。Idarubicin还原的高立体选择性可能是由于手性诱导(Idarubicin羰基附近存在不对称中心)导致的。

其他注意事项

请于室内测试所有化合物的溶解度。虽然化合物的实际溶解度可能与其理论值略有不同,但仍处于实验系统误差的允许范围内。

References:

[1]. Rowland AJ, Pietersz GA, McKenzie IF. Preclinical investigation of the antitumour effects of anti-CD19-idarubicin immunoconjugates. Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1993 Aug;37(3):195-202.

[2]. Strolin Benedetti M, Pianezzola E, Fraier D, Castelli MG, Dostert P. Stereoselectivity of idarubicin reduction in various animal species and humans. Xenobiotica. 1991 Apr;21(4):473-80.

质量控制

化学结构

Idarubicin HCl