In vitro transcription of capped mRNA with modified nucleotides and Poly(A) tail
Tyramide Signal Amplification (TSA)
TSA (Tyramide Signal Amplification), used for signal amplification of ISH, IHC and IC etc.
Phos Binding Reagent Acrylamide
Separation of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins without phospho-specific antibody
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8)
A convenient and sensitive way for cell proliferation assay and cytotoxicity assay
SYBR Safe DNA Gel Stain
Safe and sensitive stain for visualization of DNA or RNA in agarose or acrylamide gels.
Protect the integrity of proteins from multiple proteases and phosphatases for different applications.
Apixaban is a highly selective and reversible inhibitor of Factor Xa with Ki values of 0.08 nM and 0.17 nM in human and rabbit, respectively.
Factor X, also known by the eponym Stuart–Prower factor, is an enzyme of the coagulation cascade. Factor X is activated, by hydrolysis, into factor Xa by both factor IX. Factor Xa is the activated form of the coagulation factorthrombokinase.Inhibiting Factor Xa could offer an alternate method for anticoagulation. Direct Xa inhibitors are popular anticoagulants .
In vitro: Apixabanhas exhibited a high degree of potency, selectivity, and efficacy on Factor Xa with Ki of 0.08 nM and 0.17 nM for Human Factor Xa and Rabbit Factor Xa, respectively . Apixaban prolonged the clotting times of normal human plasma with the concentrations (EC2x) of 3.6, 0.37, 7.4 and 0.4 μM, which are required respectively to double the prothrombin time (PT), modified prothrombin time (mPT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and HepTest. Besides, Apixaban showed the highest potency in human and rabbit plasma, but less potency in rat and dog plasma in both the PT and APTT assays .
In vivo: Apixaban exihibited the excellent pharmacokinetics with very low clearance (Cl: 0.02 L kg-1h-1), and low volume of distribution (Vdss: 0.2 L/kg) in the dog. Besides, Apixaban also showed a moderate half-life with T1/2 of 5.8 hours and good oral bioavailability (F: 58%) . In the arteriovenous-shunt thrombosis (AVST), venous thrombosis (VT) and electrically mediated carotid arterial thrombosis (ECAT) rabbit models, Apixaban produced antithrombotic effects with EC50 of 270 nM, 110 nM and 70 nM in a dose-dependent manner. Apixaban significantly inhibited factor Xa activity with an IC50 of 0.22 μM in rabbit ex vivo. In chimpanzee, Apixaban also showed small volume of distribution (Vdss: 0.17 L kg-1), low systemic clearance (Cl: 0.018 L kg-1h-1), and good oral bioavailability (F: 59%) .
Pinto D J P, Orwat M J, Koch S, et al. Discovery of 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-7-oxo-6-(4-(2-oxopiperidin-1-yl) phenyl)-4, 5, 6, 7-tetrahydro-1 H-pyrazolo [3, 4-c] pyridine-3-carboxamide (Apixaban, BMS-562247), a highly potent, selective, efficacious, and orally bioavailable inhibitor of blood coagulation factor Xa[J]. Journal of medicinal chemistry, 2007, 50(22): 5339-5356.
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Wong P C, Crain E J, Xin B, et al. Apixaban, an oral, direct and highly selective factor Xa inhibitor: in vitro, antithrombotic and antihemostaticstudies[J]. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 2008, 6(5): 820-829.
Zhang D, He K, Raghavan N, et al. Metabolism, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the factor Xa inhibitor apixaban in rabbits[J]. Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis, 2010, 29(1): 70-80.
He K, Luettgen J M, Zhang D, et al. Preclinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of apixaban, a potent and selective factor Xa inhibitor[J]. European journal of drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics, 2011, 36(3): 129-139.
|Physical Appearance||A solid|
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
|Solubility||≥11.5 mg/mL in DMSO, ≥10.64 mg/mL in EtOH with ultrasonic and warming, <2.63 mg/mL in H2O|